Mineral rights, land ownership and displacements

Angola's Giant Sable heading for extinction?

Angola is one of Africa’s most biologically diverse countries, boasting a long Atlantic coastline, dense equatorial forests, rivers thick with mangroves, vast desert expanses, rolling savannah grasslands and high-altitude rocky outcrops.

It is also rich in natural resources. It is the continent’s second-largest producer of crude oil after Nigeria, the world’s fifth-largest producer of diamonds, and it is known to have substantial deposits of gold, copper, iron ore and other minerals.

A study in three East African countries (Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda) on the legal and institutional framework governing the social and environmental accountability in the extractive sector. 

The case studies identified a number of legal and institutional challenges and gaps that were hindering social and environmental accountability in the mining sector, particularly in relation to land, biodiversity and the environment.

Lack of enforcement and implementation of laws

Natural Justice (Lawyers for Communities and the Environment) is an international collective of legal practitioners, established in South Africa in January 2007, with the vision of using the law to ensure the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. This is achieved through the self-determination of Indigenous Peoples (IP) and local communities.

SARW condemns decision to mine Lower Zambezi


Governments should promote greater access to information and more transparency by:

In a world that is characterised by multiple crises. Poverty and inequality is on the rise, biodiversity is being lost, greenhouse gases on the rise, and scientists are telling us that something needs to be done.

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